Zhong-Kui was evolved from the ancient mask. According to ancient books, the “Zhong-Kui” family, one of the 7 tribes in Shan Dynasty, was known as good at exorcising ghosts and evils. Therefore, the later generations recognize “Zhong-Kui” with the meaning of exorcising the evil spirits.
According to unofficial history, when Emperor Ming of Tang was sick, he dreamed a little devil stole a jade flute and the embroidery bag of YangGuiFei and there was a older devil with beard dig out the eyeball of that little devil and ate those eyeballs. This older devil said his name was Nanshan Zhong-Kui and wanted to be a candidate in imperial examination during the period of Emperor Gaozu of Tang. But he couldn’t made it due to his very bad looking. He felt humiliated and killed himself by hitting the stone steps hard in front of the palace. Due to Emperor Gaozu of Tang granted a gown to bury with him, Zhong-Kui swore to kill all the evils and devils for Tang Dynasty after he became spirit. After Emperor Ming of Tang woke up, he recovered from illness without any medications. He told his dreams to Wu Daotzu and asked him to paint a portrait of Zhong-Kui for all his people to be recognized. Thus, the folks hung this portrait at home to exorcising evil spirits.
According to the customs in Taiwan and southern Fujian, at the site of accident happened or during festival or ceremony, it is often to see people dressed like Zhong-Kui with sword in their hands to exorcise the evil spirits. Sometimes, instead of performing by human being, it also can be seen with a puppet of Zhong-Kui.
Zhang-Hong Chang retains the original texture of the earth, produces simple, simple and natural imagery characters, and creates Luohan and Zhong Rong series of works with the character micro-carving technique. The two are full of contrasting figures, each with its own characteristics, and the ceramic plates are curved to form simple lines. Expressing the body and clothing, the visual effect is like the free-flowing technique of ink painting in the ink painting. It briefly displays the expression of the expression in a vivid way, showing the informal conception. At the same time, combining the practical functions of the incense burner, it creates between the cigarettes. In the “viewing” situation, the viewers can “watch” the works with different moods, and create a new “thinking” method. In addition to the busy life, look for the moment of peace and enjoy the self time. (Text / New Taipei City Yingge Ceramics Museum)
“Zen Xin-Zhang Hongchang’s Ceramic Art Creation Solo Exhibition” will be on display at the Yingge Ceramics Museum’s Citizen Ceramics Platform from now until October 12th. The curator Chen Chunlan said that 15 pieces of the most classic works were exhibited, which were represented by the earthboard forming method. The streamlined body is sculpted with micro-engraving techniques, and some works are small enough to use a magnifying glass to create, even tools must be made by themselves, which is quite costly and physically demanding.
Chen Chunlan pointed out that it is interesting that these characters are all closed eyes, Zhang Hongchang said, “Closed eyes represent the hope that the viewer can understand the artistic conception and Zen machine of the work, and look forward to looking for a moment of silence.” More information can be Check the official website of the Taobo Museum http://www.ceramics.ntpc.gov.tw or the Taiwan Ceramics Competition Network http://competition.ceramics.ntpc.gov.tw
Zhang Hongchang, born in Yunlin County in 1964, was interested in art since he was a child. In his official career, he began to study ink paintings in his spare time, focusing on paintings and inks. In 1993, he participated in the “Ceramic Production Basic Vocational Training” organized by the New Taipei City Government (formerly the Taipei County Government). From then on, he opened the ceramic art road and turned him from a plane to a three-dimensional creation. In 2003, he established the clay in Yingge. Pavilion Ceramics Workshop, dedicated to the production of ceramic figures.New Taipei City Yingge Ceramics Museum