Dharma, the First Patriarch of Zen.
Who was born in Brahman, Nandin. His original name is Bodhitara and is the third son of Xiang-yu King, Nandin. When the 27th Patriarch of Zen, Wisdom Multi-Luo visited Nandin to teach the Buddhist doctrine, Bodhitara studied with him. Wisdom Multi-Luo liked him very much and named him as Dharma, which means he has already realized the truth of life.
When LiangWu Emperor of China visited Guangzhou during General Year (the name of Chinese calendar in that age), he heard about Dharma and invited him to JingLing. But their beliefs are different so Dharma left and travel to north quietly. When he came to Bei River, he didn’t have boat to cross the river. Thus, he put a bind of reed over the river and stepping the reed to cross the river (Dharma cross river with reeds and Luanba put off fire with liquors).He taught Zen whenever he was.
When he visited Shaolin Temple in Sungshan, he studied Zen by himself alone in a cave. Thus, he was called “Wall-faced Brahman”. During the time, there was a monk who studied many sutras and respected Dharma very much. The monk cut his arm off only for study the Buddhism. Dharma was touched by his true belief and passed the Buddhism on him and named him as Hui-Ke.
9 years had passed, just before Dharma had moved back to Nandin, he taught all knowledge about Buddhism to Hui-Ke and died after few days. He was buried in Shanglin Temple of Hsiunger Mountain. After 3 years, Dharma was seen heading the West with one booth in this hand in Tsung Summit.
Another story is that Dharma found a natural cave in Wuru Summit back of Shaolin Temple. He meditated in the cave alone for more than 9 years. When Emperor found out this, he sent soldiers to invite him back. When those soldiers arrived, Dharma didn’t say a word. They had tried all methods but couldn’t make him move an inch. Eventually, soldiers tied ropes onto Dharma and tried to drag him by horses. Still, no matter how hard the horses tried, Dharma didn’t move and the rope was torn into parts. This was the time Emperor knew that he didn’t have Buddha affinity and he became a monk at last. This is also why Dharma was called Tumbler.
As the development of Zen, the tales of Dharma has became legendary and being the most popular topics of Chinese painters. In the chivalrous fictions, Dharma has became the initiator of Shaolin martial art.
Zhang-Hong Chang retains the original texture of the earth, produces simple, simple and natural imagery characters, and creates Luohan and Zhong Rong series of works with the character micro-carving technique. The two are full of contrasting figures, each with its own characteristics, and the ceramic plates are curved to form simple lines. Expressing the body and clothing, the visual effect is like the free-flowing technique of ink painting in the ink painting. It briefly displays the expression of the expression in a vivid way, showing the informal conception. At the same time, combining the practical functions of the incense burner, it creates between the cigarettes. In the “viewing” situation, the viewers can “watch” the works with different moods, and create a new “thinking” method. In addition to the busy life, look for the moment of peace and enjoy the self time. (Text / New Taipei City Yingge Ceramics Museum)
“Zen Xin-Zhang Hongchang’s Ceramic Art Creation Solo Exhibition” will be on display at the Yingge Ceramics Museum’s Citizen Ceramics Platform from now until October 12th. The curator Chen Chunlan said that 15 pieces of the most classic works were exhibited, which were represented by the earthboard forming method. The streamlined body is sculpted with micro-engraving techniques, and some works are small enough to use a magnifying glass to create, even tools must be made by themselves, which is quite costly and physically demanding.
Chen Chunlan pointed out that it is interesting that these characters are all closed eyes, Zhang Hongchang said, “Closed eyes represent the hope that the viewer can understand the artistic conception and Zen machine of the work, and look forward to looking for a moment of silence.” More information can be Check the official website of the Taobo Museum http://www.ceramics.ntpc.gov.tw or the Taiwan Ceramics Competition Network http://competition.ceramics.ntpc.gov.tw
Zhang Hongchang, born in Yunlin County in 1964, was interested in art since he was a child. In his official career, he began to study ink paintings in his spare time, focusing on paintings and inks. In 1993, he participated in the “Ceramic Production Basic Vocational Training” organized by the New Taipei City Government (formerly the Taipei County Government). From then on, he opened the ceramic art road and turned him from a plane to a three-dimensional creation. In 2003, he established the clay in Yingge. Pavilion Ceramics Workshop, dedicated to the production of ceramic figures.New Taipei City Yingge Ceramics Museum